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Key Properties of Rilsan® PA11

For over 70 years, Arkema has been a world leader in specialty bio-based polyamides derived from castor oil. Rilsan® PA11 has become the global reference when it comes to flexible polyamide resins with outstanding impact, durability, and chemical resistance properties. Its crystalline morphology allows this special polymer to differentiate itself from petroleum-based alternatives.

Arkema offers a wide array of natural, pigmented, filled, plasticized, and alloyed grades. Also included in this portfolio is Arkema's award winning Rilsan® HT (high temperature performance) and Rilsan® Clear transparent polyamide series.

Lightweight

Rilsan® PA11 resins are exceptionally lightweight with a neat resin density of only 1.03 g/cm3. With many industries looking for ways to reduce weight in their designs, Rilsan® polyamide 11 grades can provide long term durability and strength, making metal replacement even more possible.

PA11 can also be used as the polymer matrix in composite designs for even more strength and further weight reduction.

Rilsan® PA11 is typically 20% lighter than competitive polymers, making it a great choice for lightweight vehicles to improve fuel efficiency

Chemical & Fuel Resistance

Rilsan® PA11 has excellent chemical resistance to not only grease and hydrocarbons, but acids, bases, and salts too. During exposure, even at elevated temperatures, Rilsan® polyamide 11 maintains good dimensional stability and resists degradation of the polymer matrix. This is especially important for extreme applications like those in the oil and gas industry where the polymer is exposed to elevated temperatures and pressures and must provide high performance for many decades. Rilsan® PA11 also maintains very low permeation to hydrocarbons, making fuel lines a very popular application.

GasPermeability of
Rilsan® BESNO P40 TL
(TDS: US/SI)
(10-9 cm3.cm/cm2.s.bar)
H2 15
CO2 6
H2O 0.04
H2S 30
CH4 0.6
C2H4 2.3
C3H8 0.75
C4H10 5.4

Flexibility

Rilsan® PA11 is available in a wide range of flexibilities. This is made possible by the addition of plasticizers (to increase flexibility) and carbon or glass fiber/beads (to increase rigidity). PA11 also maintains its properties after exposed to moisture, compared to short chain polyamides like PA6 and PA66, which are very susceptible to losing performance over time.

Rilsan® PA11 grades can be reinforced with glass or carbon fiber to make very rigid parts or plasticized for applications requiring extra flexibility|jp-Rilsan® PA11 柔軟性

Dimensional Stability

Compared to PA11, other polyamides generally exhibit more hydrophilic behavior due to their higher frequency of the amide groups in the polymer chain (more amide groups = more polar polymer chain). Because of this, Rilsan® PA11 can be used in high humidity where other polyamides might have issues. The same is true for absorption of other polar liquids like alcohols, acids, and esters.

Rilsan® PA11 resins have very low moisture uptake which leads to great dimensional stability after processing

Dimensional variation (after 25 week immersion in 20ºC water)

 Length variationWeight variation
Rilsan® PA11 0.2 - 0.5% 1.9%
PA6 2.2 - 2.7% 9.5%

Impact Resistance

Rilsan® PA11 generally outperforms PA12 when it comes to impact resistance. Polyamide 11 is especially tough at low temperatures and has been observed to be twice as resilient as polyamide 12 at -30ºC during a notched Charpy impact test. This incredible toughness can be attributed to Rilsan® PA11's fine crystalline grid and spherolitical structure, as well as its molecular weight and polydispersity. 

Rilsan® PA11 has exceptional impact resistance especially at low temperatures compared to PA12

Abrasion Resistance

Compared to other engineering polymers, Rilsan® PA11 exhibits good abrasion and crack propagation resistance. This is largely due to its smooth surface finish that induces an extremely low coefficient of friction. As isllustrated in the chart, PA11 also features better abrasion resistance (lower material loss) than PA12 for both plasticized and unplasticized grades.

Rilsan® polyamide 11 has very good abrasion resistance and also has a very low coefficient of friction, which is great for applications that require a nice smooth surface finish.

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